The results of a new study have revealed that women who eat a Mediterranean diet reduce their risk of uterine cancer by 57 percent.
Published in the British Journal of Cancer, the study analyzed three case-control studies conducted in Italy and Switzerland between 1983 and 2006, examining the cases of 1,411 women with confirmed cases of cancer of the uterus and a control group of 3,668 patients.
Case-control studies such as this one compare the “cases” of those who are afflicted with a disease with patients or “controls” who do not have the disease but are comparable, so that factors contributing to the disease may be identified.
The researchers used a Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) made up of the nine dietary components which are characteristic of the diet, i.e. a high consumption of vegetables, fruits, legumes and nuts, cereals, monounsaturated fats like olive oil (rather than saturated fats like butter and lard), a moderate intake of fish, a low consumption of meat and poultry, dairy products, and a moderate alcohol intake. Read More